Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Dilating vaginal speculum inflating vagina and light illuminating. In many areas, the specialities clinical gynecologic endocrinology and infertility pdf gynaecology and obstetrics overlap. 1800 BC, deals with women’s complaints—gynaecological diseases, fertility, pregnancy, contraception, etc.
Treatments are non surgical, comprising applying medicines to the affected body part or swallowing them. The womb is at times seen as the source of complaints manifesting themselves in other body parts. History of Animals, Parts of Animals, Generation of Animals. Now criticized for the short comings. He developed some of his techniques by operating on slaves, many of whom were not given anaesthesia.
Sims performed surgeries on 12 enslaved women in his homemade backyard hospital for four years. While performing the surgeries he invited men physicians and students to come watch the invasive and painful surgeries while the women were exposed. On one of the women, named Anarcha, he performed 13 surgeries and without anesthesia. Due to having so many enslaved women he would rotate from one to another continuous trying to perfect the repairment of fistulas. In the four years he performed these surgeries the physicians and students lost interest in assisting him. Due to this he got the other enslaved women, who were healing from their surgeries, to assist him in the operations, which required them to help in the performance of these painful surgeries on the other women.