Between 2000 and 2005 the country lost 55. Between 1990 and 2000, Nigeria lost an average of 409,700 hectares of forest every year equal to an average annual deforestation rate of 2. Between 1990 forest reserves in nigeria pdf 2005, in total Nigeria lost 35. According to data taken over 2000 to 2005 Nigeria, located in the western region of Africa, has the largest deforestation rates in the world, having lost 55.
The annual rate of deforestation in Nigeria is 3. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations lists the requirements of sustainable forest management as: extent of forest resources, biological diversity, forest health and vitality, productive functions of forest resources, protective functions of forest resources, socio-economic functions and a legal, policy and institutional framework. Many aspects of the outline are currently not being met and will continue to have detrimental effects if not quickly addressed. A lot of damage has been done to Nigeria’s land through the processes of deforestation, notably contributing to the overwhelming trend of desertification. Desertification is the encroachment of the desert on land what was once fertile. A study conducted from 1901 to 2005 gathered that there was a temperature increase in Nigeria of 1.
C, while the global mean temperature increase was only 0. The same study also found in the same period of time that the amount of rainfall in the country decreased by 81mm. It was noticed that both of these trends simultaneously had sharp changes in the 1970s. From 1990 to 2010 Nigeria nearly halved their amount of forest cover, moving from 17,234 to 9041 hectares. The combination of extremely high deforestation rates, increased temperatures and decreasing rainfall are all contributing to the desertification of the country. Nigeria’s wide biodiversity of 899 species of birds, 274 mammals, 154 reptiles, 53 amphibians and 4,715 species of higher plants will also be strongly affected by the negative impacts of deforestation. Although much of the motivation of deforestation stems from economic reasons it has also led to a lot of economic problems in an already unstable country.
Along with economic issues, deforestation has made it so that the land is incapable of as much agricultural production which is part of many people’s survival. Much of the allowance for deforestation in Nigeria comes from their demand for fuel wood. The usage of fuel wood for cooking is higher in rural areas of the country where more of the population is concentrated. There are also incentives to people living in rural areas surrounding the process of deforestation because it is a source of income to many of them. They extremely high levels of poverty in the country are very much connected to the issue of deforestation. The current state of the environment and has been allowed by the State Department of Forestry who have not implemented any forest management policies in efforts to curb deforestation since the 1970s. Without any conservation efforts or education, the society is not aware of how to properly treat finite natural resources.
Any solution to the problem of deforestation in Nigeria must be an approach that incorporates and aggressively targets all aspects that are related to the problem. Teach each should include areas of energy alternatives, improved technology, forestry management, economic production, agriculture and security of the locals that are dependent on the land. Solar energy is a great option for Nigeria and will have exceptional results due to its geographical location. Nigeria has already implemented windmills in some of its states but the more this approach is taken on the more energy that will be produced in an environmentally sound and efficient way. Each of these proposals are accepted globally as good alternatives to current energy production methods and have been encouraged by many environmental organizations.
Improving the technology of cook stoves will be especially effective for Nigeria which currently has many households that require fuel wood for their cooking methods. The program is designed for all developing countries with a rainforest. The developing countries receive money upon successful completion of lowering their country’s emissions. In REDD the countries are able to receive much more money in the form of carbon credits which can be spent on more environmentally safe practices.
Deforestation all over the globe is threatening the sustainability of the environment but has had especially detrimental effects in Nigeria due to their high rates. Deforestation puts at risk all aspects of the environment, the economy and of the citizens of the country. Although national parks and reserves have increased in the country only 3. The Challenges of Environmental Problems in Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology 23. General Overview of Climate Change Impacts in Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology 29.
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