The term refers to the material itself, rather than to the aroma that it how to make agarbatti pdf. It may also be used as a simple deodorant or insectifuge.
The forms taken by incense differ with the underlying culture, and have changed with advances in technology and increasing diversity in the reasons for burning it. Incense can generally be separated into two main types: “indirect-burning” and “direct-burning”. Direct-burning incense is either a paste formed around a bamboo stick, or a paste that is extruded into a stick or cone shape. El Mahasna, furnishing tangible archaeological substantiation to the prominence of incense and related compounds within Egyptian antiquity. The Temple of Deir-el-Bahari in Egypt contains a series of carvings that depict an expedition for incense.
Incense spread from there to Greece and Rome. Evidence suggests oils were used mainly for their aroma. India also adopted techniques from East Asia, adapting the inherited formulation to encompass aromatic roots and other indigenous flora. This comprised the initial usage of subterranean plant parts within the fabrication of incense. A variety of materials have been used in making incense. Historically there has been a preference for using locally available ingredients. For example, sage and cedar were used by the indigenous peoples of North America.