A CoP can evolve naturally because of the members’ common interest in a particular domain or area, or it can be created deliberately with the goal of gaining knowledge related to a specific field. Communities of practice are not new phenomena: this type of learning has existed for as long as people have been learning and sharing their experiences through how to practice self inquiry pdf. Lave and Wenger’s research looked at how apprenticeships help people learn.
Lave and Wenger described this socialization process as legitimate peripheral participation. These relationships are the ties that bind the members of the community together as a social entity. The structural characteristics of a community of practice are again redefined to a domain of knowledge, a notion of community and a practice. A domain of knowledge creates common ground, inspires members to participate, guides their learning and gives meaning to their actions. The notion of a community creates the social fabric for that learning. A strong community fosters interactions and encourages a willingness to share ideas.
While the domain provides the general area of interest for the community, the practice is the specific focus around which the community develops, shares and maintains its core of knowledge. These communities take on knowledge stewarding tasks that were formerly covered by more formal organizational structures. In some organizations there are both formal and informal communities of practice. An important aspect and function of communities of practice is increasing organization performance. Community of Practice interested in matching teaching practices with learning processes. The Xerox reps began exchanging tips and tricks over informal meetings over breakfast or lunch and eventually Xerox saw the value of these interactions and created the Eureka project to allow these interactions to be shared across the global network of representatives.
Collaboration constellations differ in various ways. For examples of how these and other collaboration types vary in terms of their temporal or boundary focus and the basis of their members’ relationships, see Kietzmann et al. A project team meets to share and exchange information and experiences just as the community of practice does, but team membership is defined by task. A project team typically has designated members who remain consistent in their roles during the project. A project team is dissolved once its mission is accomplished. A community of practice is often organically created, with as many objectives as members of that community. Community membership is defined by the knowledge of the members.