Land use management pdf Use practices vary considerably across the world. In colonial America, few regulations existed to control the use of land, due to the seemingly endless amounts of it.
As society shifted from rural to urban, public land regulation became important, especially to city governments trying to control industry, commerce, and housing within their boundaries. In the 1970s, concerns about the environment and historic preservation led to further regulation. The majority of controls on land, however, stem from the actions of private developers and individuals. In these situations, judicial decisions and enforcement of private land-use arrangements can reinforce public regulation, and achieve forms and levels of control that regulatory zoning cannot. Two major federal laws have been passed in the last half century that limit the use of land significantly. Such narrow approaches should be replaced by a technique for the planning and management of land resources that is integrated and holistic and where land users are central. Additionally, Oregon restricts the development of farmland.
The regulations are controversial, but an economic analysis concluded that farmland appreciated similarly to the other land. IPCC Special Report on Land Use, Land-Use Change And Forestry, 2. Village of Euclid, Ohio v. New York State Bar Journal, p. Forest gardening, in the sense of finding uses for and attempting to control the growth of wild plants, is undoubtedly the oldest form of land use in the world.
How have Land-use regulations Affected Property Values in Oregon? Data as a Hydrologic Model Input for Local Flood Plain Management. This page was last edited on 16 December 2017, at 15:55. Flag of the United States Bureau of Land Management. United States which constitutes one-eighth of the landmass of the country. This map shows land owned by different federal government agencies.
The yellow represents the Bureau of Land Management’s holdings. The mission of the BLM is “to sustain the health, diversity, and productivity of the public lands for the use and enjoyment of present and future generations. Originally BLM holdings were described as “land nobody wanted” because homesteaders had passed them by. 6,000 miles of National Scenic and Historic Trails.
There are more than 63,000 oil and gas wells on BLM public lands. During the Revolutionary War, military bounty land was promised to soldiers who fought for the colonies. By this time, the United States needed revenue to function. Land was sold so that the government would have money to survive. In order to sell the land, surveys needed to be conducted.
Ohio had been surveyed, a modern public land survey system had been developed. By the early 1800s, promised bounty land claims were finally fulfilled. Over the years, other bounty land and homestead laws were enacted to dispose of federal land. Several different types of patents existed. These include cash entry, credit, homestead, Indian, military warrants, mineral certificates, private land claims, railroads, state selections, swamps, town sites, and town lots. This pattern gradually spread across the entire United States.
1877 have since been repealed or superseded. It took several years for this new agency to integrate and reorganize. In the end, the Bureau of Land Management became less focused on land disposal and more focused on the long term management and preservation of the land. As a matter of course, the BLM’s emphasis fell on activities in the western states as most of the mining, land sales, and federally owned areas are located west of the Mississippi. BLM personnel on the ground have typically been oriented toward local interests, while bureau management in Washington are led by presidential guidance. 1976, Congress created a more unified bureau mission and recognized the value of the remaining public lands by declaring that these lands would remain in public ownership.
The law directed that these lands be managed with a view toward “multiple use” defined as “management of the public lands and their various resource values so that they are utilized in the combination that will best meet the present and future needs of the American people. 1980s, Republicans have often given priority to local control and to grazing, mining and petroleum production, while Democrats have more often emphasized environmental concerns even when granting mining and drilling leases. Utah, the first of now 20 national monuments established on BLM lands and managed by the agency. The changing demographics in the western states have led some to suggest that the BLM, long derided as the “Bureau of Livestock and Mines,” is in the midst of becoming the “Bureau of Landscapes and Monuments. Most of the public lands held by the Bureau of Land Management are located in the western states. The agency has granted more than 18,000 permits and leases to ranchers who graze their livestock, mostly cattle and sheep, at least part of the year on BLM public lands.