Reciprocal teaching refers language teaching strategies pdf an instructional activity in which students become the teacher in small group reading sessions. Teachers model, then help students learn to guide group discussions using four strategies: summarizing, question generating, clarifying, and predicting. Once students have learned the strategies, they take turns assuming the role of teacher in leading a dialogue about what has been read.
It encourages students to think about their own thought process during reading. It helps students learn to be actively involved and monitor their comprehension as they read. It teaches students to ask questions during reading and helps make the text more comprehensible. Put students in groups of four.
Have students read a few paragraphs of the assigned text selection. Encourage them to use note-taking strategies such as selective underlining or sticky-notes to help them better prepare for their role in the discussion. At the given stopping point, the Summarizer will highlight the key ideas up to this point in the reading. The roles in the group then switch one person to the right, and the next selection is read. Students repeat the process using their new roles. This continues until the entire selection is read. Throughout the process, the teacher’s role is to guide and nurture the students’ ability to use the four strategies successfully within the small group.
The teacher’s role is lessened as students develop skill. Reciprocal Teaching for the Primary Grades: “We Can Do It, Too! At Frank Love Elementary School, reading expert Shira Lubliner uses reciprocal teaching to guide students in learning to lead a classroom discussion. Lubliner shows them how to guide a conversation about a book.
Pair a student with lower reading skills with one who is more advanced to work together. Ask student to write out questions about parts of the story that doesn’t make sense to them. Newark, DE: International Reading Association. Reciprocal Teaching of Comprehension-Fostering and Comprehension Monitoring Activities.
I used Reciprocal Teaching for years to help my students understand content better. It earns for the teacher great success. We are using this method in a college class. The goal is to understand how to use reciprocal reading, and then practice it within our class to see that it really does work. Reciprocal reading really works well, even at the college level. Actually, we find it to be quite fun and we have been able to get to know each other a little better.
I will absolutely try reciprocal teaching. I want to try reciprocal teaching because I think it will help my reading comprehension scores on the standardized test. Reciprocal teaching is a wonderful way for students to take ownership over their learning. I’ve applied this RT strategy and it brought about wonderful change among learners. I like this way of teaching because it gives words and senteences a higer meaning. I am using reciprocal teaching with my ell students.