Malta travel guide pdf

Maltese nationals as referred to in the 2011 census. About 400,000 people live in Malta. Euro as the National Currency. Malta malta travel guide pdf again attacked this time by the Axis forces.

Valletta and the system of human settlements in the Maltese Islands”. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015. Territory has some form of self-rule. Geographically part of Africa 7. Geographically, part of North America.

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Malta Hal Tarxien BW 2011-10-04 12-42-32. Malta became an independent state in 1964, and a republic in 1974. People first arrived in Malta around 5200 BC. They apparently lived in caves and open dwellings. During the centuries that followed there is evidence of further contacts with other cultures, which left their influence on the local communities, evidenced by their pottery designs and colours.

One of the most notable periods of Malta’s history is the temple period, starting around 3600 BC. Temple in Gozo is one of the oldest free-standing buildings in the world. It has been suggested that these might have represented the head, arms and legs of a deity, since one of the commonest kinds of statue found in these temples is a fat woman — a symbol of fertility. The Temple period lasted until about 2500 BC, at which point the civilization that raised these huge monoliths seems to have disappeared. There is much speculation about what might have happened and whether they were completely wiped out or assimilated. They are claimed to belong to a population certainly different from that which built the previous megalithic temples.

It is presumed the population arrived from Sicily because of the similarity to the constructions found in the largest island of the Mediterranean sea. These are pairs of parallel channels cut into the surface of the rock, and extending for considerable distances, often in an exactly straight line. Their exact use is unknown. One suggestion is that beasts of burden used to pull carts along, and these channels would guide the carts and prevent the animals from straying. The society that built these structures eventually died out or at any rate disappeared.

8th century BC as an outpost from which they expanded sea explorations and trade in the Mediterranean. 6th century BC, along with most other Phoenician colonies in the western Mediterranean. This resulted in the introduction of Hellenistic features in architecture and pottery, although Malta was never a Greek colony. Remains show that the city was surrounded by thick defensive walls and was also protected by a protective ditch that ran along the same line of St Rita Street, which was built directly above it. Remains hint that a religious centre with a number of temples was built on the highest part of the promontory.