They are generally considered among the finest short solo works nocturne 20 chopin pdf the instrument and hold an important place in contemporary concert repertoire. Chopin’s nocturnes numbered 1 to 18 were published during his lifetime, in twos or threes, in the order of composition. 1870 as such, it is generally included with publications and recordings of the set. By the time of Chopin’s birth in 1810, John Field was already an accomplished composer.
Eventually, the young Chopin became a great admirer of Field, taking some influence from the Irish composer’s playing and composing technique. Chopin had composed five of his nocturnes before meeting Field for the first time. In his youth, Chopin was often told that he sounded like Field, who in turn was later described as sounding “Chopinesque”. Chopin’s early influences, once inquired as to whether Chopin was a student of Field. While Chopin held Field in high respect and considered him one of his primary influences, Field had a rather negative view of Chopin’s work. Upon meeting Chopin and hearing his nocturnes in 1832, Field is said to have described the composer as a “sickroom talent”. Nonetheless, Chopin still admired Field and his work and continued to take inspiration throughout his life.
Chopin’s nocturnes carry many similarities with those of Field while at the same time retaining a distinct, unique sound of their own. One aspect of the nocturne that Chopin continued from Field is the use of a song-like melody in the right hand. This is one of the most if not the most important features to the nocturne as a whole. The use of the melody as vocals bestowed a greater emotional depth to the piece, drawing the listener in to a greater extent. By using the pedal more, the music gains more emotional expression through sustained notes, giving the piece an aura of drama. With these main attributes of the “Field nocturne” Chopin was inspired, and expanded upon them to develop the “Chopin nocturne”. One of the greatest innovations made by Chopin to the nocturne was his use of a more freely flowing rhythm, a technique based on the classical music style.
It was mainly through these themes of operatic influence, freer rhythms, and an expansion into more complex structures and melodic playing that Chopin made his mark on the nocturne. From the 7th and 8th nocturnes onwards, Chopin published them in contrasting pairs, although each can stand alone as a complete work. Exceptions to the ternary form pattern include Opus 9 No. When first published, Chopin’s nocturnes were met with mixed reactions from critics. However, through the process of time, many who had initially been displeased with the nocturnes found themselves retracting previous criticisms, holding the short compositions in high regard.
While the popularity of individual nocturnes has varied considerably since Chopin’s death, they have retained a significant position in the piano repertoire, with the Op. Various composers from both Chopin’s lifetime and later have expressed their influence from his work with nocturnes. It is clear that these short piano compositions made a noticeable and lasting impact on music and composition during the romantic period. Chopin and composed thirteen works in this genre.