Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Modernists saw themselves as looking back to the best practices of poets in earlier periods and other cultures. As it poetry an introduction pdf, however, longer poems came to the foreground.
These represent the modernist movement to the 20th-century English poetic canon. Hulme was a student of mathematics and philosophy who had established the Poets’ Club to discuss his theories of poetry. French poetry, was highly critical of the club and its publications. From the ensuing debate, Hulme and Flint became close friends. In October 1912, he submitted three poems each by H. The Complete Poetical Works of T.
January 1913 and Imagism as a movement was launched. Direct treatment of the “thing”, whether subjective or objective. To use absolutely no word that does not contribute to the presentation. Complete freedom of subject matter. Free verse was encouraged along with other new rhythms. Common speech language was used, and the exact word was always to be used, as opposed to the almost exact word.
Imagists poets used sharp language and embrace imagery. Their work, however, was to have a revolutionary impact on English-language writing for the rest of the 20th century. Japan had collected word-by-word translations and notes for 150 classical Chinese poems that fit in closely with this program. Chinese grammar offers different expressive possibilities from English grammar, a point that Pound subsequently made much of. Between 1914 and 1917, four anthologies of Imagist poetry were published.
In addition to Pound, Flint, H. With a few exceptions, this represents a roll-call of English-language modernist poets of the time. After the 1914 volume, Pound distanced himself from the group and the remaining anthologies appeared under the editorial control of Amy Lowell. Lowell expressed her extreme debt to the French, to what she preferred to call ‘unrhymed cadence’ instead of the more common ‘verse libre’. Imagist movement, although from a different generation from H. The war also tended to undermine the optimism of the Imagists. This was reflected in a number of major poems written in its aftermath.
Imagism and lyric poetry in general. The writing of these poems coincided with Pound’s decision to abandon London permanently. Working from a confrontational feminist and artistic agenda, the Baroness asserted a distinctly female subjectivity in the post-World War I era. Eliot was an American poet who had been living in London for some time. The Love Song of J. When Eliot had completed his original draft of a long poem based on both the disintegration of his personal life and mental stability, and the culture around him, he gave the manuscript, provisionally titled “He Do the Police in Different Voices”, to Pound for comment. After some heavy editing, “The Waste Land” in the form in which we now know it was published, and Eliot came to be seen as the voice of a generation.
From this point on, modernism in English tended towards a poetry of the fragment that rejected the idea that the poet could present a comfortingly coherent view of life. Imagism moves into modernism proper. Broken, fragmented and seemingly unrelated slices of imagery come together to form a disjunctive anti-narrative. Tiresias acting as a unifying theme. The reader is thrown into confusion, unable to see anything but a heap of broken images. This construction of an exclusive meaning is essential to modernism.
Marianne Moore photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1948. In this, they were placing themselves in a tradition stretching back to Whitman. Indeed, he deprecated the work of both Eliot and Pound as “mannered. World War I and was invalided out in 1918. The verb ‘to be’ is omitted from the first and final lines. The poem itself opens and closes with the act of finding. The poem and the mind become synonymous: a collapse between the poem, the act, and the mind.
The poem goes from being a static object to being an action. However, the economic collapse of the late 1920s and early 1930s had a serious negative impact on the new writing. For American writers, living in Europe became more difficult as their incomes lost a great deal of their relative value. Barney and Joyce remained in the French city, much of the scene they had presided over scattered. Pound was in Italy, Eliot in London, H. Although nominally admirers of Eliot, these poets tended towards a poetry of radical content but formal conservativeness.