Depending on the game, the Fool may act as the top trump or may be played to avoid following suit. Tarot cards are used throughout much of Europe to play card games. The oldest surviving tarot cards are from fifteen decks painted in the mid 15th century for the Visconti-Tarot card reading pdf family, the rulers of Milan. Milan in 1418, while Martiano himself died in 1425.
Boiardo Tarocchi poem, written at an unknown date between 1461 and 1494. Three sets were made for members of the Visconti family. 1442 and 1447 by an anonymous painter for Filippo Maria Visconti. The most famous was painted in the mid-15th century, to celebrate Francesco Sforza and his wife Bianca Maria Visconti, daughter of the duke Filippo Maria.
Francesco Zavattari between 1451 and 1453. The Devil, The Tower, The Knight of Coins, and the 3 of Swords, are lost or were never made. Because the earliest tarot cards were hand-painted, the number of the decks produced is thought to have been small. The original purpose of tarot cards was to play games, the first rules appearing in the manuscript of Martiano da Tortona before 1425, and the next from the year 1637. The game of tarot has many cultural variations. Bologna and there are still others played in Piedmont and Sicily, but in Italy the game is generally less popular than elsewhere. 1970s and France has the strongest tarot gaming community.
Divination using playing cards is recorded as early as 1540. A variety of tarot designs exist and a number of typical regional patterns have emerged. Central Europe uses Roman numerals for the trumps. 5 to 10 of the red suits and the 1 to 6 of the black suits are removed.